Setting up an Aquarium!!

Setting up an Aquarium!!

Are you planning on nurturing fish? If yes, then you have made a judicious choice. Because studies suggest that keeping fish can lower stress levels. Keeping the science aside, traditionally aquariums are considered to bring in good luck too. So, many people opt to install a fish tank in their homes to enjoy the related benefits.

When it comes to choosing an aquarium, you’ll be spoilt with options. There are an array of tank sizes and different fish species to take your pick from.

Moving on, here we have listed 7 aspects to consider when setting up your aquarium at home.

1. Planning the Tank

Before you decide your tank size, decide the fish species that you plan on keeping in your tank. Note that the type of fish determines other important aspects. These include the water conditions, size of the fish tank, and various plant species. Only after you settle on the fish species, the next step is to go shopping for your tank and other equipment.

2. Preparing the Tank

After purchasing the equipment, the following step is to set up your tank. First, ensure the tank is clean. For a new tank, only take a damp cloth and wipe all over. Avoid using soaps; and use only new cloth and bucket. Then, you can avoid household chemicals from getting into your tank.
Also, check if your tank is leak-proof. Fill water in to the tank and, then, leave for an hour. Now, screen the bottom edges to assess any leaks. Use aquarium sealant to seal the tank if you find any leaks.

Always position your tank that is next to a power supply and away from direct sunlight. Also, choose a robust stand for your tank.After positioning your tank correctly, follow by making sure the level is even. For the same, either use a spirit-level or fill the tank with 1-2 inches of water and check the level.

3. Adding the Substrate and Water

Follow the rule of thumb to prepare your substrate – for a 1-inch thick bed, 1 lb of substrate is enough for 1 gallon of water.
Next, you should rinse the substrate. Take a small quantity in a bucket and add cold water. Then, swirl the substrate with your hand and continue rinsing until the water runs clear. Also, consider applying a high-pressure hose if the amount of gravel to be cleaned is a lot. Rinsing the substrate is important because, otherwise, the dust in the gravel can cause your tank to become cloudy.Proceed by adding the clean substrate to the tank. First, add a thin layer before pouring in the remainder.

Depending on whether you want freshwater or saltwater in your tank, the way you add water varies.
For adding freshwater, pour the water via a saucer that is placed inside the tank. When using salt water, pass the water through reverse osmosis.
For the salt-mix, follow the given guidelines on the packet about the amount of water to be mixed.
Besides, use a de-chlorinator while making sure to follow the instructions on the bottle.

4. Installing the Equipment

Choose between internal and external filters to keep the tank water clean. Additional equipment that can be added to the tank includes heaters, lights, stones, thermometer, and air pumps. The heater and thermometer should be placed at two opposite ends so the tank is evenly heated within the tank.

5. Plants and Decorations

If you have decided on a theme for your fish tank, go ahead with your plan. Besides, for your tank plants, make sure to research thoroughly about the varied species that you want to place in your tank. Overall, your tank should be visually appealing.

6. Cycling the Tank

The general recommendation is to cycle the tank before adding the fish. Then, the fish are not exposed to the toxins. Cycling the tank is, also, known as the Nitrogen Cycle. Follow the instructions for freshwater cycling and saltwater cycling accordingly. Make sure to regularly change the water, as well.

7. Adding Fish to New Tank

At first, add only a couple of fish to the tank. Wait for 1-2 weeks before adding more fish. By doing so, the essential bacteria that filter the water have time to grow then.

Scout for the best dog food: Here are 7 handy tips to do so!

Scout for the best dog food: Here are 7 handy tips to do so!

Choosing from a range of dog food options can get confusing for pet moms & dads. You must consider several aspects before taking your pick from the available options. These include ingredients and certifications. More so, you need to take into account your dog’s lifestyle habits, size, breed, age, among others.

However, to make your job easy, here we have listed seven tips that can help you make the right choice in dog foods. In addition to following the below-listed tips, you must work in partnership with your family vet to provide your darling pets with the vital nutrients that are crucial to their development.

Check the certifications of dog foods

Look for the pet food labels that contain the ‘Nutritional Adequacy Statement’. In the US, the Association of American Feed Control Officials (AAFCO) issues such statements. Search the bag or can of dog food for such reports. By studying the same, you can determine whether the dog food meets the dietary requirements of your dog.

Study the dog food ingredients

Before selecting a dog food brand, pet owners should study the ingredients and their quantity. This helps to assess whether their pets will be getting the required nutrition through the foods. Also, if your dog had any dietary restrictions, then you can choose the right feed for them accordingly.

Note that dogs can, also, suffer from allergies to a range of foods like humans. The canines could develop allergies to chicken, dairy, eggs, wheat among others. Now, to avoid them from having allergic reactions, do not give them foods that are harmful to their health.

Consider your dog’s age

Dogs in varied life stages have different nutritional needs. Thus, pet owners are advised to feed them foods that are suitable for their age. For puppies, you should provide foods that are manufactured for their growth needs. Then, for 1-year dogs, they must be given dog food formula, containing the essential nutrients such as calcium and fats and proteins.

Further, keep in mind that whether pregnant dogs or nursing dogs or senior dogs or working dogs, they vary in dietary needs. Work with your vet on selecting the best options for your dog feed.

Dry or Wet foods

Dog feed is available in two forms: dry and wet. Both alternatives are considered nutritious. Even so, dry food is more popular among the two. This is because dry feed is cheaper and can be stored more easily than the wet varieties. However, if your dog prefers wet food, then go ahead and choose those varieties to satiate their appetite.

Assess your dog specific requirements

The size of your dog should determine their feed. In cases of small-sized dogs, you should feed them small-sized pieces; and for the larger dogs, the large-sized ones. More so, bear in mind that different dog breeds could be susceptible to various illnesses. Now, if your dog is prone to particular health problems, try and custom their meals suitably to reduce the chances of them falling ill.

Also, different dog sizes have different calorie requirements. Hence, ensure that you feed them foods that are suitable as per their size.

Your dog’s lifestyle matters

When selecting dog food, an important criterion is their activity levels. Working dogs, service or hunting ones require varying levels of nutrients as compared to domestic dogs.

Supervise your dog

At times, your dog may not behave normally. They may not eat or drink properly. In some cases, you may perceive that they are lethargic or are itching excessively or have a flaky coat. In such situations, their diet may need to be altered. Talk to your vet and chalk out a new dietary regime after discussing the alleged symptoms.

9 Things To Know Before Adopting A Pet!

9 Things To Know Before Adopting A Pet!

Thinking about adopting a pet for the very first time? Dreaming to cuddle your pet all day long while being thrilled with joy about bringing the new member home, however, there are a few essentials that you must be aware of. Adopting a pet is easy but requires a lot of preparation in order to ensure that you are ready to be a pet parent. Before finalizing, make sure that each and every family member you are living with has consented to your decision which contributes to preparing the right kind of environment for your pet. Let us look at a few things that you need to know before adopting a pet:

1. What’s Your Routine

This will depend on a few basic aspects like your job timing, weekly offs, where you live, availability of outdoor space, and so on. It is important to think through all these basics as it is important to finalize which pet suits you most as every pet has a different needs. And hence your routine which change accordingly.

2. Commitment

Adopting a pet requires high level of commitment and you should be prepared for the same. Pets are maybe demanding but will also love you unconditionally, so think about the time & attention that you can devote. Few daily routine changes that will come in your life will be to walk them once or twice a day, feeding, etc. Apart from daily chores, there are few weekly commitments such as grooming, bathing, check up and so on. Adopting is indeed a huge responsibility but If the answer is yes to above questions, then, my dear friend get ready for some fur ball therapy.

3. Try Fostering

When you have figured out which pet is ideal for you, the first thing you need to try before the adoption is fostering a pet. The experience of fostering offers you an idea of long term commitment and care towards the new pet. It also trains you to take care of a pet while giving you the confidence to adopt one.

4. Prepare Your Home

Before bringing your first pet home, you need to prepare the space to be pet friendly. Pets are notorious, and they often mess with the things in your home. Inspect your home and check if there is anything that you need to address from like doors, sharp edges, delicate artifacts, important documents, to name a few. Most importantly, you need to be conscious enough to deter any potential hazards such as rat poison. The smell of these items tends to attract pets very fast, which is why it is time for you to create a pet-friendly home in order to prevent all kinds of injury or damage to the pet and your important things.

5. Vet For Your Pet

Just like you need a doctor, you may now need a vet for your pet maybe just for preventive check ups. It might seem unnecessary, however, it is vital to connect with a vet even before adopting a pet. A lot of adoption organizations require you to enlist your vet’s name on the application in order to process the adoption procedure smoothly. As a first-timer, you might be confused about selecting one. You may ask your friends and family references. Select from among the options provided to you based on your budget and requirement.

6. Supplies

You need not to stock everything before getting the pet home, however, get few essential supplies as the initial days may usually be filled with lot of excitement and stress at the same time. Just visit any nearby local pet store and buy the basics. Such basics include food and water bowl, basic medicines, food, leash, pet bed, toys, and others. If you are still confused about what all to buy, ask your relatives/friends who are pet parents themselves to help you out. Or this could be perfect ice breaker to strike an interesting conversation with someone whom you want to be friends with.

7. Choosing The Right Food

Each animal and breed has a different nutritional requirements and hence in the beginning you have to be careful of what you buy. You might be lured to choose the best-packaged pet food, however, we suggest you need to look for the diet ingredients and detailing such as breed and age. In order to make the best purchase, it is recommended to get in touch with your vet to get the best advice.

8. Research for Rescue & Shelter Homes

Once you have reached a decision to adopt, it is time to start with your research. We recommend you adopt from a recuse/shelter home rather than shop from a pet store. Scrutinize the options available nearby where you can put your faith. The size of shelter does not matter, rather what matters is whether they have the breed you are looking for or not. Once you have swiped right on your new love, make sure you convey your decision to the management at the earliest as pets cannot swipe right without some help. 😉

9. Fulfill Necessary Formalities

Now that you have arranged for the necessary things, you are ready to bring your pet home. Finish the formalities that are required for you to adopt from a rescue center. Go through the documents properly, write down each detail clearly so that the process of adoption becomes smooth and faster.

Show Some Love
Once your adoption process is complete, it is time to show the new member of their new home. While the pet is going to be curious around the new environment, you need to comfort them by providing all the necessary essentials. Do not worry if he/she spends the first few days sleeping as it is completely natural. Start bonding with your little member and in no time, they will become your best friend.

Vaccination and Deworming Your Dogs

Vaccination and Deworming Your Dogs

Both deworming and vaccination are important for dogs – they are part of preventive medicine. Also, preventing dogs from illness is advantageous for both dog and owner. As such, dogs remain healthy and the owner does not have to incur medical expenses for their treatment.

To know more about vaccinating and deworming your pet dog up to 16 weeks old, refer to the following details.

For 8-week old Puppies

As your pet dog reaches 8 weeks, make sure to take them for their first 5-in-1 vaccine (also, referred to as the distemper/parvo combination vaccine). As a pet owner, you can administer the vaccine with the help of needles, or else, consult your vet.

You must deworm your dog from 6-8 weeks onward, as well. Dewormers help to get rid of intestinal parasites (including hookworms and roundworms) in dogs.

However, you can start deworming your dog early on from 2 weeks of age too. This is when your dog has been surviving in contaminated environments – such as kennels or other properties having many dogs.

Following the first dewormer, the dogs should be dewormed every month until they are 4 months old. Then, you can deworm them according to the risk perception.

For 12-week old Puppies

If your pet dog has been administered the first 5-in-1 vaccine, then they need a booster vaccine when they are 12 weeks old. Also, consider administering booster Parvo vaccines every 3-4 weeks and continue until they are 16 weeks old.

More so, your puppy should be vaccinated for kennel cough or bordatella (depending on their breed and risk factors) when they are 12 weeks old.

Also, administer follow-up dewormers for eliminating brown ticks, skin mites, roundworms, and parasite-carrying fleas that your dog may be suffering from.

For 16-week old Puppies

Now is the time to take your dog for the third 5-in-1 vaccine as well as the second bordatella one (if required). Also, when your pup turns 16 weeks old, they are old enough to get their first 1-year rabies vaccination.

Additionally, examine your puppy’s fecal matter to detect any intestinal parasites. Accordingly, you can ascertain whether to administer them with the third-round dewormer.

Deworming Dogs: A Brief

Deworming dogs helps to get rid of worms, parasites that are present in their intestines or stomach. Now, dogs consume dirt, trash, and poop – and that makes them susceptible to pests. Moreover, they can pass along the unwanted guests to their companions, owners, and playmates.

Also, worms in young puppies can make them ill. This is because the pests thrive on the food that the pups consume and, also, suck their blood; the puppies become weak as a result.

Vaccination for Dogs: A Brief

Vaccinating dogs makes them immune to specific bacterial or viral elements. Dogs are administered the 5-in-1 vaccines for their protection. Through this vaccination, dogs are protected against Parvovirus, two types of Adenovirus (referred to as A, A2 / H), Canine Distemper Virus, and Parainfluenza or Bordatella.

Note that the Rabies vaccine is given separately and when the dogs are around 3-4 months. This is important because puppies contain antibodies that they absorb from their mother’s milk. However, the antibodies go away when the pup reaches 3-4 months. Administering the Rabies vaccine before the stipulated period can make the antibodies inactive; hence, you must avoid doing so.

Even so, administering the pups the Rabies vaccine before they are 3-4 months is advisable only if the dog’s mother has not been vaccinated for rabies. Note that Rabies is a fatal illness that affects the dog’s brain.

Further, some diseases for which dogs are vaccinated cannot be medically cured. Take the example of distemper in dogs that affect their nervous system. This is similar to Polio that affects humans.

Besides, Parvo virus causes symptoms such as vomiting and diarrhea. This illness is treatable, though in severe cases, the treatment expenses can mount.

In a nutshell, you can save yourself and your dog from a lot of trouble by deworming and vaccinating them periodically.Note: Please do your research and consult your vet before Deworming or Vaccination and do not solely follow the above article as every dog is different.

Note: Please do your research and consult your vet before Deworming or Vaccination and do not solely follow the above article as every dog is different.

Do’s and Don’ts of feeding your Dog

Do’s and Don’ts of feeding your Dog

Having a pup or even an adult dog as a companion at home fills us with immense joy. Yes? Of course. But owing a dog comes with its own set of challenges and responsibilities.
There are some important do’s and don’ts of feeding your little furry friend.

1. Consult a Veterinarian

Firstly, do not formulate your dog’s diet without consulting a veterinarian. There are a variety of factors to consider before planning your dog’s diet like breed, age, weight etc. Do not feed them the same food throughout their entire life. Puppies, adult dogs and senior dogs, all have different needs when it comes to nutrient profiles. Always ensure you do not overfeed or underfeed your dog. Effects of excess weight include liver diseases, hypertension and damage to bones and joints. Being underweight also causes weakness and affects quality of life. It is also important to remember that a dog’s diet is also governed by its breed. All dogs are not the same.

2. Feeding Home Cooked Food To Dogs!

Most of us feed our dogs ‘human food’ or home made meals. Be observant of which human foods are good and bad for your dog. There are certain common household foods which are not safe for them. For example, chocolate. Although dogs love the smell of chocolate, it is very toxic to them. Similarly, onions, garlic , citrus fruits like lemon and orange, and beverages containing caffeine are also harmful. One should also be aware if their dog is allergic to any particular food item. For example, some dogs are lactose intolerant.

3. Is Your Dog Hydrated

See to it that your dog is well hydrated. This means making sure their water bowl is always filled and is changed daily so they can help themselves to water whenever required.

4. Always Feed Your Dogs Good Quality Foods

Do not get tempted to buy cheap foods. Dogs are carnivores, they need plenty of protein and protein is expensive. So the cheap dog food have cereal ‘fillers’ to bulk them up and preservatives which offers low nutritional value and is hard to digest. Feed the right food and your precious dog will receive the benefits including life expectancy and increased brain power.

5. Read Labels Before You Buy

Never neglect to read labels. Do not keep your dog’s food past the expiration date. It may lead to serious health problems.

6. How You Store Dog Food Maters

Make sure to store your dog’s food properly. It should not be allowed to be exposed to air as it will lead to food degradation and bacterial contamination. Therefore, always seal the bag or box properly after you are done with it.

7. Follow a Schedule

Always try to feed your dogs on a fixed schedule because they know when to expect food and get hungry around meal times.

8. Measuring Meals Is Important

At all times, measure your dog’s food. Don’t guess or leave the dog food out all the time. Free feeding can lead to over-consumption , weight gain and obesity. Also, do not give too many treats as calories from treats add up quickly. Replace treats with other options such as games or walks.

9. Designated Areas To Eat

Designate a special area for feeding. Be consistent with where you feed your dogs. Do not feed them in busy areas like kitchen.

10. Know What Your Dog Likes

What if you get same dish everyday in all the meals. You probably wont like it, right!Same way your dog too may not like same food in all the meals and it may have likes or dislikes for different pet food items. You can know about your dogs’ likes and dislikes with a bit of a trial and error method. Knowing what your dog likes improves his health as he will enjoy the food.

Feeding your canine friends the right way can be complex and confusing at first , but once you get the hold of it, its pretty easy.

Getting Licked cures Depression? What!

Getting Licked cures Depression? What!

Depression probably is the most common disease of our generation, yet half of us don’t even consider it to be a disease. We come across several cases of depression every day, but it still is a taboo. People feel embarrassed talking about it in public. Most of us don’t even realise when we are depressed until it’s too late. 

India is a country with one of the highest number of depression cases. One of the major reason is terrible work-life balance leaving less time for themselves. Stress has started to take a toll on our physical & mental health, families, and relationships. Another major reason is loneliness. As we are getting more connected through internet, we are getting disconnected with real world conversations & connections.

Good thing is, depression is curable. Yes! And there are a lot of ways to get rid of it.
Commonly suggested depression treatment are: therapy sessions, medications, medical procedures and whatnot. But there is a possibility that symptoms can reappear. 
Is there a way where to completely cure depression once and for all? Yes, it is possible.
Ultimate depression pill is to Get a Pet. Yes, you read that right.

Let me explain. Animals are always considered as man’s best friend. They are probably the most positive creatures on earth. A human-animal relationship is thought to be the purest form of love.
According to the studies done over the human-pet relationship by Centres for Disease Control and Prevention, it was found that:
1. People who own a pet are considerably happier than the people who don’t own one.
2. They have a healthier lifestyle.
3. Their blood pressure, cholesterol and triglyceride levels were found to be under control. (Centres for Disease Control and Prevention)

Pets provide you with companionship

Just imagine, you come home all stressed up due to a long tiring day at work and see your dog waiting for you at the door. All that stress would go away the second you’d look at your dog’s face.

Having a pet can make you fit as well. How?

When you have a pet, you have to take them out for a daily walk. When you do that, it not only helps them become more active, but, it also helps you get fitter and healthier with them.

Pets are known to be great conversation starters

Pet owners often find it easier to talk to strangers, especially when they have their pet with them. People tend to get more attracted towards pet owners who own a cute animal, like, a miniature dog or kitten. So basically, having a pet makes it easier for you to make friends and blend into a social gathering. And a person with a good social circle is less likely to go into depression.

Pets have high Emotional Quotient

Your girl friend/boy friend may not understand but pets can understand emotions for real 🙂

Scientists have observed that talking to your pet about your feelings helps you heal faster. It is true that a pet may not understand what you said, but they sure can feel your emotions and negative energy. That is what makes them a great companion!

You will never cry alone

Have you noticed, in the movies, whenever a pet owner is upset, his pet refuses to let go of him and tries to somehow get him to cheer up? Although, there is no concrete reason to why pets, specifically dogs, do that. Is it because they understand human emotion or is there a deeper reason for it? A study has revealed that dogs have become more intelligent with time. They have developed the ability to read human mannerisms.

Alas! Most of us don’t get to experience this feeling of tranquility. Why?

Because we assume that owning a pet would add up to the anxiety & stress we already are suffering with. I know why they feel that way.
When anyone first decides to get a pet, there are many things that we need to ponder upon.
Pets when young, especially pups and kitten demand extra care in the beginning. It’s almost like having a baby. But, the catch here is, you don’t have to do that for two or three years, as animals grow faster than humans. An year old dog can get as tall as 4-5 feet depending on breed to breed off course. A pug somewhere may be giving me a bad look right now 🙂
A bonus, all the love and care you give them in their initial days, they would give it back to you a thousand folds for as long as they live.

So what are you waiting for, get home an ATM dispensing positive vibes!!